In computing, a name server (also spelled nameserver) consists of a program or computer server that implements a name-service protocol. It maps a human-recognizable identifier to a system-internal, often numeric, identification or addressing component. For example, on the Internet, a special case of name servers, so called Domain Name System (DNS) servers, are used to translate a hostname or a domain name (for example, 'en.wikipedia.org') to its corresponding binary identifier (the IP address 184.108.40.206), or vice versa. Hostgator.com provides free Private Nameservers for its reseller hosting customers. Start your own reseller hosting business with your own private nameservers now.
Nameservers are available in the form of a program and functions like a computer server as it works towards the domain name-service protocol. In simpler terms the main aim of using this application is to locate a website on the internet with speed and ease. There is a specific procedure of its operations with which this program can identify a domain name that is tied to a website and acquires its actual location on the internet or World Wide Web.
For instance when a website visitor intends to visit your website he will enter the domain name within the browser input box. Instantly there is initiated a process of searching to locate the same through the location of its server. Once a connection is established with the particular server the web page or the website home page is flashed and opened. For any person with less to no knowledge of technicalities who is accessing the computer this may easily go unnoticed; the whole process takes fractions of seconds but this is the complexity of the process that goes into bringing you the website of your choice instantly. For a simpler understanding you can refer to any diary or a reference book or your personal address book. In all of these there is a systematic and synchronized assembly of names and their addresses. When you look for a name starting with a particular alphabet like A you reach through the index reference provided to go to section A; here all the names with this alphabet will be recorded. In the same way when you type the name of the website or the domain name the system first locates the server in which it is located and then sifts through many sites to flash the particular one you have asked for. Regular and normal users of the computer or even internet facilities may not always know or understand the nature of this function or even the need for nameservers; however when you are buying or even setting your website domain name it will be important for you to understand the aspects of its functions and relevant features. At the same time you will have to provide the names of the nameservers for your website. The web host company will provide you the same at the time of your registration with one of them for their services.
Important component features of nameservers are the details in which the IP address of a website is structured. Following the tie-up with a web hosting company and after you have registered for your domain name there is a zoning for the location of your website as part of the work of nameservers. The domain name of your website will then be attached to the IP address; this is also referred to as the ‘Record’. In order to locate the mail server of the domain there is a further zoning within the nameservers with the use of an application referred to as MX Record. In this way if a user is sending an email to your address there is a request by the mail server to the name server of your domain for the specific IP address; following this the email will be received by the mail server. Within the program of nameservers there is provision for the storage of domain names and their respective IP addresses. This is however cached for a specific period of time only. Now for instance if the particular request is made for an IP address but the DNS (Domain Name System) does not have the same at the time in its cached enlisted names. It will then make a specific request for the same from special servers that have in them the names and IP addresses of all the nameservers under them. The process of the IP address request will be answered as soon as the relevant information is procured.
There are a few types of the nameservers and the most commonly used one among these are for Domain Name System also referred to as DNS. The DNS servers are primarily used for understanding of domain names and the hostnames and converting these to the IP addresses in a numerical procedure. With this server computer systems and other resources are also selected and mapped on the internet. Then there is the authoritative nameserver. This is a type where you will get answers to question inputs that are provided within each zone about names in them. For this the administrator will have to provide the inputs of domain names within the authoritative only name server. If there is an added feature that allows the caching of names from other zones then the names of the domains across all of them can be set accordingly. With this feature you will be able to access answers to questions about all zones within one server. In the sphere of authoritative nameservers there are master servers and then are slave servers. Within the master server there is a record of all domains within the zone. The work of the slave server is to initiate an automated process to update the system and even create a duplicate backup of the master record of domain names. You can refer to DNS or even FTP (File Transfer Protocols) as examples of such work. With the help of DNS there is a system initiated helping the master server of a zone issue alerts for all slave servers of the same each time there is any form of modifications made within the data. These modifications can be made only by the administrator with their inputs. The domain names are flashed within each zone in which there are multiple authoritative nameservers functioning to manage the operations. The fully qualified domain names of these nameservers are enlisted within the NS data of a zone. The server has to be authoritative for both a zone and the parent zone; in case of this feature being absent it has to be customized by setting the server of the parent zone issuing a connection for the zone. The domain name will be enlisted with the DNR or the domain name registrar. Following this the administrator of a zone will issue details of all nameservers which are authoritative within it. There are at least two names provided in one of which a specific domain name that has been recently enlisted will be present. The domain registry will receive the server names from the registrar which is intended for the top level domain that has a zone. As the process of setting the authoritative nameservers is carried out by the domain registry for the top level domain there are allocations made for all the servers within a particular zone. In case of the presence of a fully qualified domain name belonging to any server comes to be shown within this zone the IP address for the nameserver will be provided by the zonal administrator; these will be found within the parent zone and are also referred to as ‘glue records’. If we speak of the authoritative nameservers that give answers to questions then it will be important to know that there is an authoritative answer bit set within the servers for the answers that are provided. It means they are authoritative for the questions and similarly they have to provide the answers for them.
Updating Nameservers for Domains One of the most commonplace queries for user and website managers is the process of updating nameservers for domains. It may be noted here that any updates on the nameservers will indicate an alteration of the direction in which your domain is now positioned. It will be away from its existing server and onto a new one. There are a few steps that you will have to initiate to carry out this process to update nameservers for your domain. Firstly sign in to the domain management segment using your username and password. This can be entered in the login slot that is allotted within the web page. You may also be provided specific links that will redirect you straight to the relevant page; you can make use of that link as well. From the available menu options select Billing. Within that go to My Domain option and click on the specific domain that you intend to change. Once you have clicked this option there will be an option with a different screen. Here you can click on the option of Manager Nameservers. You will get the options of primary and secondary nameservers which will probably display their numerical orders as well. Do not enter an IP address which is unacceptable for the system. To know the nameservers that you have to update if you have any confusions ask the supporting team for assistance. Otherwise go to the next step and click on the ‘Update’ option. These changes will be saved and updated by the system within the following 24 hours. For any domain to be active you will have to enter two nameservers in the least. In case of doubts and any clarification always call and ask for assistance from your web hosting company and customer care. Wrong entries of information may prove to be futile and not be able to initiate any changes that you require. Moreover you should also be certain of such changes and alterations before you initiate them; this is especially true in case of the information of data that will be entered.
Private Nameservers When discussing nameservers and their specific role, you will also find references about private nameservers. If you are wondering what this might be then here is the answer to that. The private nameservers would be the ns1.yourdomain.com and ns2.yourdomain.com within the system than the usual nameservers attached to the domain of your web host service provider. The IP addresses for the private nameservers will be the welcome email id for your ns1.yourdomain.com. If you are a Hostgator customer it will be something like Server IP:220.127.116.11. In case of the ns2.yourdomain.com the IP address will be listed within your welcome email. It will be 18.104.22.168. usually the service providers have a variety of service packages that they offer their clients with varying rates of expenses. For instance, for clients of Hostgator service plans like Hatchling, Baby and Business, members will not be able to access private nameservers. For all those customers that have dedicated, VPS, reseller or SEO hosting packages, will have their IPs enlisted within their welcome email. In case you have not received the information within your welcome email contact the office immediately and they will revert with all relevant and accurate details of IPs.
One of the most important advantage that one enjoys with private nameservers is the options of customization. For instance there are reseller hosting customers who avail this for the reason of appearances of their websites in the whois. If you are a Hostgator customer using company nameservers of ns1.websitewelcome.com and ns2.websitewelcome.com you can alter the whois lookup by using the private NS. When the users of private nameservers are changing from one server to another there is no need for them to contact their registered clients to inform about the same. As soon as the updates of the name and server IP address has been carried out the clients will be automatically moved to the new location of the server. It has proved beneficial for clients in companies like Hostgator where they have conveniently shifted from one package plan to the other with no complications at all; for instance if you are using a reseller package you can shift to any other plan with ease.
In order to setup a private nameserver for your account with the web host company you need to understand the relevant procedures. There are different processes involved in this function and setup with different companies of web hosting services. Thus it would be wiser to go through the details of the same or refer to tutorials of the service provider company. Look for signs and options like ‘register DNS’ or ‘create DNS’ or ‘add DNS’ within your account with the service provider. The method of using nameservers is with IP addresses that is assigned by the web host to your ns1 and ns2. Yourdomain.com. in case you fail to locate a slot that asks for the IP address you will know that you are looking for the same in a wrong page.
Domain DNS can be changed but the processes involved will be different from that of registration for nameservers. The site DNS cannot be altered to private nameservers unless the latter is already registered with the domain registrar. With some companies the task of creating your own private nameservers will not be given to you in the first place. You have to approach the customer care and the help team of the company to initiate the process. There will be ‘help’ segments within the website that will answer some of these questions that you can look up and do the needful as directed. If you do not find the relevant questions and their answers it would be wiser to contact the company directly with your queries and get them. In case you have successfully created your own private nameservers it will have to be followed up with the updates of relevant A records and data of your domain. If you need guidance and technical assistance for this there are departments within the companies that can be asked for and contacted. After the A records have been updated both you and your user clients will be able to access the private nameservers across any domain that is hosted with you.
Hostgator Nameservers The name of Hostgator has developed to be one of the most trusted names in the webhosting industry. There are thousands of satisfied clients of the company and newer ones too who are entrusting the company to be their web hosting service provider. If you are looking for a Hostgator DNS there are loads of domain nameservers that is offered from the company instead of the usual practice of allocating two. Hostgator DNS works with a different and unique system; here you will have to refer to the welcome email that you will receive. In this look for the Hostgator DNS for your account with the company. An advantage of the Hostgator nameservers is that there is a separate one allocated for the individual clients. The basic format of their nameservers goes like nsX.hostgator.com or nsY.hostgator.com. It may be mentioned here that X and Y are used in place of the numerical. You can locate your own Hostgator nameservers through your user account with the company. Go to the end of the web page and beneath the segment of account information you will find the respective nameservers of your account.
There are more than 7000,000 domain users with Hostgator at present and the number grows with each day. There is a wide network of trust and confidence in their standard of services provided. They have some of the best of hardware and software solutions to offer at their state of the art data centers. Moreover clients can also be assured of a round the clock helpful and professionally qualified staff to come to your assistance; in case of any technical snag and guidance Hostgator clients can always depend on the company for constructive and helpful guidance to come out of the situation and have the situation dealt with. All information is provided with in-depth detailing and online tutorials that will of definite use for the clients to understand and do the task with success. You will find entire pages of data supplied on the official website that has dealt with each aspect of thee functions and features of nameservers individually to help clients understand and even carry out some of the functions on their own. There is a step by step guideline provided for each segment that will enable easier work procedures to be followed.
Advantages of Hostgator Hosting There are several advantages of availing services from Hostgator.com servers. Besides being one of the most trusted names in the industry this is a company that is duly capable of sustaining all its services with the aid of some of the latest in technological advances and a team of professional experts to provide backup support on a round the clock basis. The aspect that makes Hostgator stand out in the industry and from among a long list of company names is its dedication and sincerity towards clients and the services provided.
With Hostgator nameservers you will be able to make your private ones in use as the default for all accounts that you have created. If you want to avail this facility it will be available for dedicated, reseller, SEO and VPS hosting packages with the company. Also important will be to note that with this initializing you will be able to update the nameserver entries within the DNS zones. The clients who are yours will have to update their nameservers with their registrar only. You can find more relevant details and guidelines within the official website. Once you have set your private nameserver as the default for all the accounts it also initiates the default nameservers for the server. This is also carried out for the whole account if you have a Reseller or a SEO hosting package. The ongoing accounts will have their own nameservers but any new account created will be affected by this change.
Here is a brief guideline of the process that you will have to follow. Go to WHM and click on the option of ‘basic cPanel/WHM setup’. Within this segment find the information provided after ‘nameserver 1’ and follow it up with your primary private name server. For instance it will appear as ns1.domain.com. in the same way go to ‘nameserver 2’ and provide inputs of your secondary private nameserver which will appear as ns2.domain.com. At the end of it click on the ‘Save’ option. If you have dedicated and VPS servers you will have the option of creating reseller accounts. You can adjust the default nameservers within the individual reseller account of the WHM. For all individual reseller accounts there can be a default nameserver that is different from the defaults ones available for the whole server. In case of the changes this will also alike to default nameservers affect the new accounts only. All present and running accounts will continue to operate on their present nameservers. If you wish to initiate the process you have to go to WHM and click on ‘reseller center’. Within this segment there is an option that says ‘reseller modifications’ you can click on the user/domain segment and then click on ‘edit reseller privileges and nameservers’. After this go down to the end. Within nameserver 1 you have to make changes in the information given with the primary private nameserver as for example ns11.domain.com. Within the option of nameserver 2 you have to provide the secondary private nameserver as for example ns2.domain.com. After this go to the ‘’save” option and click on it.
If you have a domain purchased from Hostgator, you will have the advantage of managing its operations online. There are complete details provided on the official website that you can avail for a clear and easy understanding. In case you are not a domain client with this company then the nameservers cannot be changed by Host Gator simply because the domains are not within the control and access of the Hostgator company. You will have to contact the company from where you have purchased the domain and get all relevant information from them about initiating server updates. Usually domain registrars provide their clients with a tool with which they can make access for initiating these changes. Thereafter you can change the present nameservers and provide input of the new one you will receive within your welcome email. Hostgator makes it easy for their clients and registered users to access all features and functions. There are flash movies used as tutorials online that helps people to understand the nature of processes and steps; with these you can easily make changes and modifications within your registrars.
There are various levels of understanding and technical knowledge available with HG clients. The company understands this difference and ensures that you have the best of tech support from the company. Help in every form is available at all steps. You can refer to the detailing available with the website pages where individual web pages have handled each aspect of the operations and functioning of nameservers for clear and suitable understanding. For all changes and operational support there are step by step guidelines provided within the web pages.